SAMSwiki Reference List

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In this article, you find the current references used for all articles in the SAMSwiki. Today (23.03.2021), there were 259 references used to build the database.

(Bastian Walthierer, Bachelor Thesis 2014, Conception and prototypic implementation of a user optimised application to support Ethiopian runners)

[Cohn, Mike. User Stories Applied: For Agile Software Development (Adobe Reader) (Addison-Wesley Signature Series (Beck)) (Kindle-Position892). Pearson Education. Kindle-Version.]

[Constantine, Larry L.. Software for Use: A Practical Guide to the Models and Methods of Usage-Centered Design (Kindle-Positionen1928-1929). Pearson Education. Kindle-Version.]

AAA (2018). Asian Apicultural Association. URL (access date: 14.05.2018):

Abebe W (2007). Determinants of adoption of improved box hive in Atsbi Wemberta District of Eastern Zone, Tigray Region. Dissertation, Haramaya University.

Abera, H. D. (2017). Identification of Honey Source Bee Floras During Major and Minor Honey Harvesting Seasons in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. 7(3), 25-32.

Abrol DP (2012). Value of bee pollination: In Pollination Biology (pp. 185-222). Springer, Dodrecht.

Adeday G, Shiferaw M, Abebe F (2012). Prevalence of Bee Lice Braula coeca (Diptera: Braulidae) and Other Perceived Constraints to Honeybee Production in Wukro Woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria 8 (6):631-635.

Admasu A, Kibebew W, Ensermu K, Amssalu B (2014) Honeybee Forages of Ethiopia. Holeta Bee Research Center, Ethiopia.

Adugna E, Hymete A, Birhanu G, Ashenef A (2020) Determination of some heavy metals in honey from different regions of Ethiopia. Cogent Food & Agriculture 6 (1):e1764182.

Agussalim, Umami, N., & Erwan (2015). Production of Stingless Bees (Trigona sp.) Propolis in Various Bee Hives Design. The 6th International Seminar on Tropical Animal Production, Integrated Approach in Developing Sustainable Tropical Animal Production. 335-338.

Aizen MA, Harder LD (2009) The global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollination. Current biology 19 (11):915-918.

Akratanakul, P. (1987). Beekeeping in Asia. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin, 68(4).

Al Ghzawi, A. A.-M., Zaitoun, S., & Shannag, H. (2009). Management of Braula orientalis Örösi (Diptera: Braulidae) in honeybee colonies with tobacco smoke under semiarid conditions. Entomological Research, 39(3), 168–174.

Al Naggar Y, Codling G, Giesy JP, Safer A (2018) Beekeeping and the need for pollination from an agricultural perspective in Egypt. Bee World 95 (4):107-112.

Alebachew GW, Eshetie TM (2019) Assessment of Beekeeping Practices of Youth Groups in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia. Bee World:1-6.

Alemayehu, G., Amssalu, B., & Taye N. (2018). Investigating the effect and control of small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (murray) on honeybee colonies in Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences, 6(8), 1-6.

Al-Ghamdi, A. A., Nuru, A., Khanbash, M. S., & Smith, D. R. (2013). Geographical distribution and population variation of Apis mellifera jemenitica Ruttner. Journal of Apicultural Research, 52(3), 124-133.

Amir, A., & Pengembangan, Y., U. M. (2002) Forest-Dependent Community Development Through Apis Cerana Beekeeping Programm. Apiacata, 4, 1-4.

Amssalu B, Nuru A, Radloff SE, Hepburn HR (2004) Multivariate morphometric analysis of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Ethiopian region. Apidologie 35 (1):71-81.

Amssalu, B. (2016). Apiculture Research Achievements, Challenges and Future Prospects in Ethiopia. In: Agricultural Research for Ethiopian Renaissance Challenges, Opportunities and Directions. Proceedings of the National Conference on Agricultural Research for Ethiopian Renaissance. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Amssalu, B., Nuru, A., Radloff S. E., & Hepburn, H. R. (2004) Multivariate morphometric analysis of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Ethiopian region. Apidologie 35, 71–81.

Anderson, D. L. (1994). Non-reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in Apis mellifera colonies in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Apidologie, 25(4), 412–421.

Anguilet, E. C. F., Nguyen, B. K., Ndong, T. B., Haubruge, E., & Francis, F. (2015). Meliponini and Apini in Africa (Apidae: Apinae): a review on the challenges and stakes bound to their diversity and their distribution. Biotechnol. Agronom. Soc. Environ., 19(4), 382-391.

API Indonesia (2018). Indonesian Apicultural Association, Indonesia. URL (access date: 14.05.2018):

ASPIRE (2018). Apiculture Scaling up Program for Income and Rural Employment. URL (access date: 11.06.2018):

Assemu, T., Kerealem, E., & Adebabay, K. (2013). Assessment of Current Beekeeping Management Practice and Honey Bee Floras of Western Amhara, Ethiopia. Inter J Agri Biosci, 2(5), 196-201.

ATA (2018) Agricultural Transformation Agency. URL (access date: 11.06.2018):

Awraris GS, Yemisrach G, Dejen A, Nuru A, Gebeyehu G, Workneh A (2012) Honey production systems (Apis mellifera L.) in Kaffa, Sheka and Bench-Maji zones of Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 4 (19):528-541.

Bantie GM, Mesere, Z, Bedimo M, Bitew A (2019) The prevalence and root causes of delay in seeking healthcare among mothers of under five children with pneumonia in hospitals of Bahir Dar city, North West Ethiopia. BMC pediatrics 19 (1):482.

Bareke T, Addi A, Wakjira K (2018) Role and economic benefits of honey bees’ pollination on fruit yield of wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) in central highlands of Ethiopia. Bee World 95 (4):113-116.

Bareke T, Kumsa T, Roba K, Addi A (2020) Nectar Secretion Dynamics and Honey Production Potential of Croton macrostachyus L., Euphorbiaceae. Bee World:1-11.

Bayir, R. and Albayrak, A. (2016). The monitoring of nectar flow period of honey bees using wireless sensor networks. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 12 (11): 1-8.

Begna D (2014) Occurrences and distributions of honeybee (Apis mellifera Jemenetica) varroa mite (Varroa destructor) in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Fisheries and Livestock Production 2 (3):e126.

Begna D (2015) Honeybee diseases and pests research progress in Ethiopia: A review. Afri J Inse 3 (1):093-6.

Bekele, T., Genet, D., & Temaro, G. (2017). Assessment of honeybee enemies (pests and predators) in Bale zone, southeastern Ethiopia. J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev., 9(4), 53-61.

Bekele-Tesemma A, Tengnäs B (2007) Useful trees and shrubs of Ethiopia: identification, propagation, and management for 17 agroclimatic zones (p. 552). Nairobi, Kenya: RELMA in ICRAF Project, World Agroforestry Centre, Eastern Africa Region.

Belay A, Haki GD, Birringer M, Borck H, Addi A, Baye K, Melaku S (2017) Rheology and botanical origin of Ethiopian monofloral honey. LWT 75:393-401.

Belay A, Solomon WK, Bultossa G, Adgaba N, Melaku, S (2013) Physicochemical properties of the Harenna forest honey, Bale, Ethiopia. Food chemistry 141 (4):3386-3392.

Bencsik, M., Bencsik, J., Baxter, M., Lucian, A., Romieu, J., & Millet, M. (2011). Identification of the honey bee swarming process by analysing the time course of hive vibrations. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 76(1), 44–50.

Bencsik, M., Le Conte, Y., Reyes, M., Pioz, M., Whittaker, D., Crauser, D., …, & Newton, M. I. (2015). Honeybee Colony Vibrational Measurements to Highlight the Brood Cycle. PloS One, 10(11), e0141926.

Beyene G (2015) Honeybee production systems in Kewet District of Amhara, Ethiopia. Livest. Res. Rural Dev 27 (5):95.

Beyene, T., Abi, D., Chalchissa, G., WoldaTsadik, M., (2016). Evaluation of transitional and modern hives for honey production in the Mid Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 64(1), 157–165.

Bezabih, G., Adgaba, N., Hepburn, H. R., & Pirk, C. W. W. (2014). The Territorial Invasion of Apis florea in Africa. African Entomology, 22(4), 888–890.

Birhan M, Sahlu S, Getiye Z (2015) Assessment of challenges and opportunities of bee keeping in and around Gondar. Academic Journal of Entomology 8 (3):127-131.

Boardman L, Eimanifar A, Kimball R, Braun E, Fuchs S, Grünewald B, Ellis JD (2020) The mitochondrial genome of Apis mellifera simensis (Hymenoptera: Apidae), an Ethiopian honey bee. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 5 (1):9-10.

Botías, C., Anderson, D. L., Meana, A., Garrido-Bailón, E., Martín-Hernández, R., & Higes, M. (2012). Further evidence of an oriental origin for Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia: Nosematidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 110(1), 108–113.

BPS. (2016). Badan Pusat Statistik. Indonesia. Access date: 12.06.2018.

Bradbear, N., & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2009). Bees and their role in forest livelihoods: a guide to the services provided by bees and the sustainable harvesting processing and marketing of their products. FAO, Rome, Non-Wood Forest Products, 19, 1-194.

Brodschneider R, Brus J, Danihlík J (2019) Comparison of apiculture and winter mortality of honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera) in Austria and Czechia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 274:24-32.

Brodschneider, Gray, Adjlane, Ballis, Brusbardis, Charrière, Chlebo, Coffey, Dahle, de Graaf, Dražić, Evans, Fedoriak, Forsythe, Gregorc, Grzęda, Hetzroni, Kauko, Kristiansen, Martikkala, Martín-Hernández, Medina-Flores, Mutinelli, Raudmets, Ryzhikov, Simon-Delso, Stevanovic, Uzunov, Vejsnæs, Woehl, Zammit-Mangion, Danihlík (2018) Multi-country loss rates of honey bee colonies during winter 2016/17 from the COLOSS survey. Journal of Apicultural Research, 57(3), 452-457.

Brodschneider, Gray, van der Zee, Adjlane, Brusbardis, Charrière, Chlebo, Coffey, Crailsheim, Dahle, Danihlík; Danneels, de Graaf, Dražić, Fedoriak, Forsythe; Golubovski, Gregorc, Grzęda, Hubbuck, İvgin Tunca, Kauko, Kilpinen, Kretavicius, Kristiansen, Martikkala, Martín-Hernández, Mutinelli, Peterson, Otten, Ozkirim, Raudmets, Simon-Delso, Soroker, Topolska; Vallon; Vejsnæs, Woehl (2016) Preliminary analysis of loss rates of honey bee colonies during winter 2015/16 from the COLOSS survey. Journal of Apicultural Research, 55: 375-378.

Bruen, M. (2006). Introduction to decision support systems. In River basin modelling for flood risk mitigation (pp. 235–248). London: Taylor & Francis.

Bunyamin, A., Purnomo, D., Supriyadi, Y., Pratama, I., & Nawawi, M. (in press). Flowering Plants Time and Maps of West Java Area as Basic Data in Supporting Beekeeping Activities.

Carrol, T. (2006). A Beginner’s Guide to Beekeeping in Kenya. Legacy Books Press, Nairobi, Kenya.

Carroll T, Kinsella J (2013) Livelihood improvement and smallholder beekeeping in Kenya: the unrealised potential. Development in Practice 23 (3):332-345.

CCKP (2018). The World Bank Group, Climate Change Knowledge Portal database collection. Washington. URL (access date: 30.04.2018):

Chandra, W. M. (2002). Beekeeping with Perum Perhutani. Apiacta, 4, 1-2.

Chauzat MP, Cauquil L, Roy L, Franco S, Hendrikx P, Ribiere-Chabert M (2013) Demographics of the European apicultural industry. PloS one 8 (11):e79018.

Corbet SA (1991) Bees and the pollination of crops and wild flowers in the European community. Bee World 72:47-59.

CPUX-UR Curriculum

Crane E (1990) Bees and beekeeping: science, practice, and world resources. Ithaca, N.Y.: Comstock Pub. Associates.

Crane E (1999) The World History of Beekeeping and Honey Hunting. Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd, London.

Crane, E., Luyen, V. V., Mulder, V., & Ta, T. C. (1993). Traditional Management System for Apis Dorsata in Submerged Forests in Southern Vietnam and Central Kalimantan. Bee World, 74(1), 27-40.

CSA (2015) Central Statistical Agency. Agricultural Sample Survey 2014/15 (2007 E.C.): Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics. Vol. 2. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: CSA.

CSA (2017) Central Statistical Agency: Agricultural Sample Survey 2016/17. Report on livestock and livestock characteristics. Addis Ababa, FDRE, Ethiopia.

D7.1 – SAMS Project Website

D7.2 – Compendium of SAMS Newsletters (download File:GA 780755 D7.2 Compendium-of-SAMS-Newsletters.pdf) *Deliverable has not been approved and accepted by the EC

D7.2.1. SAMS Newsletter 09.2018 (download File:GA 780755 SAMS Newsletter vol1 092018.pdf)

D7.2.2. SAMS Newsletter 12.2018 (download File:GA 780755 SAMS Newsletter vol2 122018.pdf)

D7.2.3. SAMS Newsletter 03.2019 (download File:GA 780755 SAMS Newsletter vol3.pdf)

D7.2.4. SAMS Newsletter 06.2019 (download File:GA 780755 SAMS Newsletter vol.4 06.2019.pdf)

D7.2.5. SAMS Newsletter 09.2019 (download File:SAMS Newsletter vol5-1.pdf)

D7.2.6 SAMS Newsletter 12.2019 (download File:GA 780755 SAMS Newsletter vol6.pdf)

D7.2.7 SAMS Newsletter 03.2020 (download File:SAMS Newsletter vol7.pdf)

D7.2.8 SAMS Newsletter 06.2020 (download File:SAMS Newsletter vol82020.pdf)

D7.2.9 SAMS Newsletter 09.2020 (download File:SAMS Newsletter vol92020.pdf)

D7.3 – Compendium of SAMS Publications and Press Releases (download File:GA 780755 D.7.3.-Compendium-of-Publications-and-Press-Clippings.pdf)

  • Deliverable has not been approved and accepted by the EC

D7.4 – Project Flyer (download File:GA 780755 D.7.4.-SAMS-Project-Flyer.pdf)

D7.5 – ICT Apiculture Network Conference (SAMS Conference) (download File:GA 780755 D7.5 SAMS-Deliverable ICT-Apiculture-Network-Conference SAMS-Conference.pdf) *Deliverable has not been approved and accepted by the EC

Dainat, B., Vanengelsdorp, D., & Neumann, P. (2012). Colony collapse disorder in Europe. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4(1), 123–125.

De Jong, W. (2000). Micro-differences in Local Resource Management: The Case of Honey in West Kalimantan, Indonesia -a Brief Comment. Human Ecology, 28(4), 631-639.

De Jong, W. (2002). Forest products and local forest management in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: implications for conservation and development. Wageningen: Tropenbos International.

Denis, L., Anderson, D. L., & Morgan, M. J. (2007). Genetic and morphological variation of bee-parasitic Tropilaelaps mites (Acari: Laelapidae): new and re-defined species. Exp Appl Acarol, 43, 1-24.

Desalegn, B. (2015). Honeybee diseases and Pests research progress in Ethiopia: A review. African Journal of Insect, 3(1), 93-96.

Desalegn, B. R. (2006). Chalk Brood in Ethiopia. Bees for Development Journal, 78, 8.

Dewi, R. (2016). Produktivitas Lebah Trigona sp dengan Bahan Sarang yang Berbeda. Diploma thesis, Universitas Andalas.

Diao, Q., Sun, L., Zheng, H., Zeng, Z., Wang, S., Xu, S., …, & Wu, J. (2018). Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of the Asian honeybee Apis cerana provides novel insights into honeybee biology. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1-14.

Dietemann, V., Pirk, C. W. W, & Crewe, R. (2009). Is there a need for conservation of honeybees in Africa? Apidologie, 40, 285–295.

Dong Y, Frimpong K, Haile R, Liu M, Schaffer AM, Valente Da Costa L (2016) Final Report for WEEMA International SIPA’s Economic and Political Development Workshop in Development Practice Improving household livelihoods with modern beekeeping and honey production in Ethiopia.

Drost, S. and van Wijk, J. (2011). Multi-Stakeholder Platform Contribution to Value Chain Development. The Honey and Beeswax Value Chain in Ethiopia. Partnerships Resource Centre/SDC-Maastricht School of Management Project # 594. Final case study report. Available for download:<

Eardley CD (2004) Taxonomic revision of the African stingless bees (Apoidea: Apidae: Apinae: Meliponini). African Plant Protection 10:63-96.

Ebisa, M., Eyob, H., Dasselegn, B., Lama, Y., Abdisa B., & Misganu, C. (2016). Occurrence and Distribution of Varroa Mite and Antivarroa Effect of Propolis in Walmara District of Oromia Special Zone Around Finfine, Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 7(5), 1-6.

El Mahi, A. G., & Magid, T. D. A., (2014). The Potential of Acacia seyal as a Resourceful Tree for Gum Arabic in Sudan. Gum Arabic Board (Sudan). Khartoum.

Ellis, J. D., & Munn, P. A. (2005). The worldwide health status of honey bees. Bee World, 86(4), 88–101.

Ellis, J. D., Hepburn, H. R., Delaplane, K., Neumann, P., & Elzen, P. J. (2003). The effects of adult small hive beetles, Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), on nests and flight activity of Cape and European honey bees (Apis mellifera). Apidologie 34, 399-408.

Elzaki E, Tian G (2020) Economic evaluation of the honey yield from four forest tree species and the future prospect of the forest beekeeping in Sudan. Agroforestry Systems 94:1037-1045.

Engel, M. S. (1999). Taxonomy of Recent and Fossil Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Apis). J. Hym. Res., 8(2), 165-196.

Ethiopian Beekeepers Association & SNV (2011). Advanced Beekeeping Manual. Express Printers PLC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

FAO (2018). FAOSTAT database collections. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. Access date: 23.04.2018. URL:

FAO (2020) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. Accessed 05 May 2020.

Ferrari, S., Silva, M., Guarino, M., & Berckmans, D. (2008). Monitoring of swarming sounds in bee hives for early detection of the swarming period. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 64(1), 72–77.

Fichtl, R., & Adi, A. (1994). Honeybee Flora of Ethiopia. Margraf Verlag, Germany.

Fikadu Z (2019) The Contribution of Managed Honey Bees to Crop Pollination, Food Security, and Economic Stability: Case of Ethiopia. The Open Agriculture Journal, 13 (1):175-181.

Fikadu Z (2020) Pesticides use, practice and its effect on honeybee in Ethiopia: a review. Int J Trop Insect Sci 40:473-481.

Fikru S (2015) Review of Honey Bee and Honey Production in Ethiopia. Journal of Animal Science 5 (10):1413-1421.

Fikru S, Gebresilassie G, Kassa A (2015) Assessment of Beekeeping Practices (Absconding, Bee Forage and Bee Diseases and Pests) in Jigjiga Zone, Somali Regional State of Ethiopia. Poult Fish Wildl Sci 3 (2): e1000135.

Franck P, Garnery L, Loiseau A, Oldroyd BP, Hepburn HR, Solignac M, Cornuet JM (2001) Genetic diversity of the honeybee in Africa: microsatellite and mitochondrial data. Heredity 86 (4):420-430.

Gangwar SK, Gebremariam H, Ebrahim A, Tajebe S (2010) Characteristics of Honey Produced by Different Plant Species in Ethiopia. Advances in Bioresearch, 1 (1):101-105.

Gebremedhn H, Amssalu B, Smet L, de Graaf DC (2019) Factors restraining the population growth of Varroa destructor in Ethiopian honey bees (Apis mellifera simensis). PLoS One 14 (9):e0223236.

Gebremedhn, B. (2015). Honeybee production systems in Kewet Districtof Amhara, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27(5), text is available on website. URL (access date: 15.11.2018):

Gebremeskel Y, Tamir B, Begna D (2015) Honeybee production trend, potential and constraints in Eastern Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. Agric. Biol. JN Am 6 (1):22-29.

Gebretinsae T, Tesfay Y (2014) Honeybee Colony Marketing Practices in Werieleke District of the Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Bee World, 91 (2):30-35.

Gemechis LY (2014) Beeswax production and marketing in Ethiopia: Challenges in value chain. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 3 (6):447-451.

Gemechis LY (2016) Honey Production and Marketing in Ethiopia. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 7 (5):248-253.

Gemeda, M., Legesse, G., Damto, T. & Kebaba, D. (2020) Harvesting Royal Jelly Using Splitting and Grafting Queen Rearing Methods in Ethiopia, Bee World, 97:4, 114-116, DOI: 10.1080/0005772X.2020.1817657

Getu A, Birhan M (2014) Chemical analysis of honey and major honey production challenges in and around Gondar, Ethiopia. Academic Journal of Nutrition 3 (1):06-14.

Gezahegne T (2001) Marketing of honey and beeswax in Ethiopia: Past, present and perspective features. In Proceedings of the third National Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Beekeepers Association (EBA):3-4.

Gidey, Y., & Mekonen, T. (2010). Participatory Technology and Constraints Assessment to Improve the Livelihood of Beekeepers in Tigray Region, northern Ethiopia. CNCS, 2(1), 76-92.

Gidey, Y., Bethelhem, K., Dawit, K., & Alem, M. (2012). Assessment of beekeeping practices in Asgede Tsimbla district, Northern Ethiopia: Absconding, bee forage and bee pests. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(1), 1-5.

Girma M, Ballo S, Tegegne A, Alemayehu N, Belayhun L (2008) Approaches, methods and processes for innovative apiculture development: Experiences from Ada’a-Liben Woreda, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Improving Productivity and Market Success (IPMS) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 8. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya.

GOV (2015). Bee BehaviourDuring ForagingApiary; Factsheet #111.Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (accessed on 18.11.2019).

Gray, Brodschneider, Adjlane, Ballis, Brusbardis, Charrière, Chlebo, Coffey, Cornelissen, da Costa, Csáki, Dahle, Danihlík, Dražić, Evans, Fedoriak, Forsythe, de Graaf, Gregorc, Johannesen, Kauko, Kristiansen, Martikkala, Martín-Hernández, Medina-Flores, Mutinelli, Patalano, Petrov, Raudmets, Ryzhikov, Simon-Delso, Stevanovic, Topolska, Uzunov, Vejsnaes, Williams, Zammit-Mangion & Soroker (2019) Loss rates of honey bee colonies during winter2017/18 in 36 countries participating in theCOLOSS survey, including effects of forage sources. Journal of Apicultural Research, 58:4, 479-485.

Gupta, R. K., Reybroeck, W., van Veen, J. W., & Gupta, A. (2014). Beekeeping for Poverty Alleviation and Livelihood Security: Vol. 1: Technological Aspects of Beekeeping. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Hadisoesilo, S. (2001). Diversity in traditional techniques for enticing Apis dorsata colonies in Indonesia. In: Proceedings of the 37th international congress. Apimondia, Durban.

Hadisoesilo, S. (2002). Tingku - A traditional management technique. Bees for Development Journal, 64, 4-5.

Hadisoesilo, S., Raffiudin, R., Susanti, W., Atmowidi, T., Hepburn, C., Radloff, S. E., … Hepburn, H. R. (2008). Morphometric analysis and biogeography of Apis koschevnikovi Enderlein (1906). Apidologie, 39(5), 495–503.

Haftom, G., Zelealem, T., Girmay, M., & Awet, E. (2013). Seasonal honeybee forage availability, swarming, absconding and honey harvesting in Debrekidan and Begasheka Watersheds of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 25(4). HTML-Version.

Hailemichael, T. B. (2018). The status of beekeeping practices and honey production system in Ethiopia-a review. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 6(2), 581-585.

Hailu TG, D’Alvise P, Tofilski A, Fuchs S, Greiling J, Rosenkranz P, Hasselmann M (2020) Insights into Ethiopian honey bee diversity based on wing geomorphometric and mitochondrial DNA analyses. Apidologie:1-17.

Hamada, J.-I., Yamanaka, M. D., Matsumoto, J., Fujao S., Winarso, P. A., & Sribimawati, T. (2002). Spatial and Temporal Variations of the Rainy Season over Indonesia and their Link to ENSO. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 80(2), 285-310.

Hasan, A. E. Z., Mangunwidjaja, D., Sunarti, T. C., Suparno, O., & Setiyono, A. (2013). Optimasi Ekstraksi Propolis Menggunakan Cara Maserasi Dengan Pelarut Etanol 70% Dan Pemanasan Gelombang Mikro Serta Karakterisasinya Sebagai Bahan Antikanker Payudara. Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian, 23(1), 13-21.

Haylegebriel, T. (2014). Honey bee diseases, pest and their economic importance in Ethiopia. International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, 10(2), 527-535.

Henry M, Beguin M, Requier F, Rollin O, Odoux JF, Aupinel P, Aptel J, Tchamitchian S, Decourtye A (2012) A common pesticide decreases foraging success and survival in honey bees. Science 336 (6079):348-350.

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Jana, M., Vanderhaar, J. M., Hwang, Y. T. (2003). Mellivora capensis. Mammalian Species, 721, 1-8.

Jasmi (2017). Diversity and blooming season of food sources plant of Apis cerana (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in polyculture plantation in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 18(1), 34-40.

Jensen, M. (2007). Beekeeping with Apis cerana indica. Some Important Aspects of Colony Management. Danish Beekeeping Association.

JMHI (2018). Jaringan Madu Hutan Indonesia. URL (access date: 20.11.2018):

Kahono, S., Chantawannakul, P., & Engel, M. S. (2018). Social Bees and the Current Status of Beekeeping in Indonesia. In book: Asian Beekeeping in the 21st Century. Springer, Singapore. 287-306.

Kajobe, R., Marris, G., Budge, G., Laurenson, L., Cordoni, G., Jones, B., … Brown, M. A. (2010). First molecular detection of a viral pathogen in Ugandan honey bees. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 104(2), 153–156.

Kebede HT, lemma T, Dugassa G (2018) Assessment on the authenticity of imported honey in Ethiopia. J Nutr Health Food Eng. 8 (6):442-445.

Kebede, T., & Lemma, T. (2007). Study of honey production system in Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha district in mid rift valley of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 19(11), 1-10.

Kerealem, E., Tilahun, G., & Preston, T. (2009). Constraints and prospects of apiculture research and development in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 21(172), text is available on website. URL (access date: 15.11.2018):

Kigatiira, K. I. (2014). African Honeybee. Ncooro Academy, Nairobi, Kenya.

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